On New Year's day, every family will decorate the home. And putting New Year’s painting on the door is the tradition of many Chinese families. Painting of beauty, carp jump, chubby baby...these are all the memories of the common people. And Tianjin Yang Liu Qing New Year painting is one such art that has affected generations of Chinese people, for many Chinese people at home and abroad to admire and fascinate.
Tianjin Memory---Story of Intangible Cultural Heritage
Yang Liu Qing Wood New Year’s Painting
Yang Liu Qing New Year wood painting belongs to the painted woodblock printing products which is one of the famous folk woodcut New Year pictures of Han. It absorbed the essence of Chinese color painting and folk art with exquisite brushwork and gorgeous color. In 2006, Yang Liu Qing New Year wood painting is listed as the first batch of state-level intangible cultural heritage.
History of Yang Liu Qing Wood New Year’s Painting
Yangliuqiu woodcut New Year picture originates from end of Yuan dynasty and beginning of Ming Dynasty and flourishes in Qing dynasty. At that time, more than 30 villages near the Yangliuqiu town are described as "every family knows how to paint and every one is good at painting". And the painting shops are standing shoulder by shoulder. Businessmen from all over the country came endlessly. It is a truly hometown of painting. During the Qing period, New Year paintings focused on the expression of people’s face. During Jiaqing and Daoguang period, the style of the New Year painting was more and more lively. After the second opium war, Yang Liu Qing New Year’s painting was gradually declining. In 1926, HuoYuTang created Yangliuqiu town's biggest "Yu Cheng Hao" painting village. And from then on, the Yang Liu Qing New Year’s painting has gradually revived. After the liberation, Yang Liu Qing New Year painting could come into the light again. In the 1950 s, Premier Zhou Enlai once inspected Yangliuqiu paintings. Selection activities were held for many times after liberation and many outstanding works emerged. With the government's support and deep emotions of folk artists towards native art, Yang Liu Qing New Year painting is developing rapidly and its popularity is increasing day by day. Hence, workshop of Yang Liu Qing New Year painting is flourishing.
Development and Inheritance of Yang Liu Qing Wood New Year’s Painting
Adopt wood block to carve out of the picture line first, and then print on paper in ink, after setting monochrome version for two or three times, then paint with colorful marker. "Hooked, engraved, printed, painted, framed" and other pure manual skills are the creating steps of Yang Liu Qing woodcut New Year painting.
The content of Yangliuqiu woodcut New Year painting can be divided into five categories, each category has hundreds of works. The subjects mostly derive from custom, historical stories and drama characters. In every peak season, some traditional New Year paintings such as "years of more ", "safe riches and honor" are still popular.
Xiqing district established Yangliuqiu woodcut New Year picture museum to expand its popularity. Since 2000, Xiqing district has also added the Yangliuqiu woodcut New Year pictures to the teaching materials for the nine-year compulsory education.
Future of Yang Liu Qing Wood New Year’s Painting
Yang Liu Qing Wood New Year paintings absorb the essence of various Chinese paintings, such as Chinese painting, traditional Chinese realistic painting and freehand brushwork in traditional Chinese painting as well as plate prints and oil paintings. All lines in the New Year pictures are firstly caved on the pear wood with a knife, then rub and paint or pattern on it. Select hard texture meticulous pear wood which should be dried and shaped for 5 to 6 years. Big board of print books usually takes more than a month, while wood carving craft requires at least 3 years of apprenticeship.
Yang Liuqing woodcut New Year picture is a representative of the Chinese New Year paintings art, occupying an important position in the history of folk culture and the culture development of Tianjin in China. Tianjin Yangliuqiu woodcut New Year pictures museum opened to the public in 2011 to comprehensibly display pictures collection from all previous dynasties. It covers a construction area of 3535 square meters, showing more than 600 Yangliuqiu woodcut New Year pictures. It collects more than 10000 pictures since Ming dynasty and 6400 pieces of the ancient plates. The museum has the New Year painting collection of the largest amount and the best quality.
Open time: 9:00 A.M.---16:30 P.M. (close on Monday, except holidays)
Address:No.111 of Tong building Sanhe Li,Hexi district, Tianjin