Tianjin Xiaozhan troop training is an important period of modern history of China. It was from the year 1875 (Guangxu 1st Year), Li Hongzhang, Zhili Governor and Northern Minister, dispatched the famous general of Huai Army, Zhou Shengchuan to lead his troops to move from horse yard of Qing County, Hebei to Liaoshuitao, north side of Xizozhan Town. “Convoy Barrack” was reorganized and started training in Xiaozhan. Then after troop trainings of Hu Yufen, Yuan Shikai, Zhang Zhidong and Duan Qitui, until 1920, Xiaozhan troop training history had been through half a century.
Xiaozhan Troops Training changed the feudal military system of China, built a new army with modern times military system and equipments formation. It was unprecedented in the history and significant to the development of modern times military. Xiaozhan was also became the advanced military basement and birthplace of the northern warlords at that time. The Northern Government was then generated with four presidents Yuan Shikai, Feng Guozhang, Xu Shichang and Cao Kun, Duan Qirui’s temporary power as well as 17 periods prime ministers of 9 people. A series of important events of China modern history were triggered after that. Therefore, Xiaozhan Troops Training had a great effect on the development of China history, which is also why it was such famous to be a target attracting and shocking the world big powers. After 1895, Xiazhan was been marked and printed in all editions of world maps published by Europe and America countries, which is one and the only one among thousands of small towns of China.
Xiaozhan Troop Training Station is located at north side of Xiaozhan Town, Jinnan District, Tianjin, which is the original location of the Military Academy of the “New Military” during Xianzhan troop training period. It covers an area of 400 mu with structure area of 8 ha. The main buildings include military academy rebuilt according to history data, generalissimo's bureau of Yuan Shikai, troop training place and the trade street of barrack. Besides, there are also building landscape area and military museum. Exhibits of the museum include cold weapon of ancient China, firearms of modern times as well as uniform and military supplies of different periods. The exhibition hall is equipped with multimedia demonstration hall to play the documentary on the loop. Tens of thousands of precious photos is the highlight of the museum, some of which are first shown in China.
“Culture is the spirit of tourism while tourism is the carrier of culture.” We know 5000 years civilization from Xi’an, 1000 years culture from Beijing and 100 years culture from Tianjin. Xiaozhan Troop Training Station is the culture tourism brand created with the topic “ Know the Modern China from Tianjin”. Based on historical facts and following the Northern Government history, modern culture of Tianjin and Xiaozhan rice culture, Xiaozhan Troop Training Station is a historical and cultural tourism area integrated with education, entertainment, shopping and conference.