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Brief Introduction
Tianjin, one of China’s four municipalities directly under the Central Government, is the largest opening coastal city in North China, one of the National Famous Historical and Cultural Cities in China, as well as a member of the first group of the outstanding tourist cities of China.
Tianjin is located in northeast part of the North China Plain and the center of Bohai-Rim, bordering the Bohai Sea in the east, leaning against the Yanshan Mountain in the north. It is only 120 kilometers from Beijing in the northwest. Tianjin covers an area of 11,760 square kilometers, with a 153-kilometer-long coastline and a total municipal population of 12,280,000.Tianjin is rich in tourism resources. There are many types of attraction in Tianjin, including mountains, rivers, lakes, sea, springs, and wetlands. Tianjin plays a prominent role in China’s modern history and can be viewed as an epitome of modern history of China. The blend of Chinese and Western cultures forms Tianjin’s distinctive human resources.
Tianjin will gradually transform into an eco-city, an international port city as well as an economic center in North China. As a modern metropolis with a long history, profound cultural background and distinctive natural resources, Tianjin will keep the city environment clean and beautiful, highlight the characteristics of the city and provide tourists with complete facilities and better services.
Geography
Tianjin is within the UTC+08:00 time zone, with a latitude ranging from 38° 34' to 40° 15' N, and longitude ranging from 116° 43' to 118° 04' E. Tianjin is located in northeast part of the North China Plain and lower reaches of the Haihe River, bordering the Bohai Sea in the east and Beijing in the northwest, leaning against the Yanshan Mountain in the north. The Haihe River forms within Tianjin Municipality at the confluence of the Ziya River, Daqing River, Yongding River, North Grand Canal, and South Grand Canal. Hence, Tianjin has long been renowned as “Sea Inlet of Nine Rivers” and “Communications Center of River and Sea”.
With its obvious geographical advantages, Tianjin is located in the center of Bohai economic rim, backed by the vast area of North China and facing Northeast Asia. Tianjin is an important hub for connections to more than ten provinces and cities in North China, and it is also the largest port city in North China. Tianjin is 120 kilometers away from Beijing, having historically been an important fort and doorway to the capital city.
Administrative Divisions and Population
Tianjin is divided into 15 districts and one county, including Binhai New Area, Heping District, Hebei District, Hedong District, Hexi District, Nankai District, Hongqiao District, Dongli District, Xiqing District, Jinnan District, Beichen District, Wuqing District, Baodi District, Jinghai District, Ninghe District, and Ji County.
By the end of 2014, the resident population of Tianjin has reached 15.16 million, with 4.46 million more compared to last year. Among them, the migrant population was 4,76 million, which has increased by 350.000, and accounts for 79.1% of the resident population. The residential permit system has gone smoothly. By the end of the year, the registered population was 10.16 million, which included agricultural population of 3.71 million and non-agricultural population of 6.45 million. The birth rate of the year was 8.19 per thousand, while the death rate was 6.05 per thousand. The natural growth rate of population was 2.14 per thousand.
City Flower and City Tree
City Flower of Tianjin — China Rose
With a long history of the cultivation of China roses, Tianjin has been called the "Hometown of China Rose", and the main growing regions are located along the North Grand Canal and Ziya River. China Roses are popular with people as they can bloom year-round, with bright color and strong fragrance. Through public appraisal and the recommendation of Bureau of Parks and Woods and Garden Association, China Rose was chosen as the city flower at the 16th session of the Standing Committee of the 10th Tianjin Municipal People' s Congress in 1984. According to the statistics, there were 1.87 million China roses in 1991, about 600 species. In Tianjin, there are altogether seven China rose gardens and eight roads named after China rose, which become an important part of the scene of Zhonghuan Cailian (Charming Middle Beltway), one of the ten most famous attractions of Tianjin. Tianjin China Rose Festival has been held since 1991 by the municipal government.
City Tree of Tianjin — Fraxinus velutina
Only 30 years after it was introduced to Tianjin, Fraxinus velutina become the street tree and shade trees as well as the main tree species planted in the residential areas. On Dec. 25, 1984, it was designated as the city tree at the 16th session of the Standing Committee of the 10th Tianjin Municipal People' s Congress. By 1991, there were 1.43 million Fraxinus velutina for landscaping in the city. In Beicang Nursery and Dingzigu areas where the Fraxinus velutina were first planted, the big tree is 24 meters high, and the diameter at breast height reaches over 65 cm. With fine texture, it can be comparable to the Manchurian Ash from northeast of China. Fraxinus velutina is also the excellent species for greening in the suburb and barren hill afforestation.
History
The Origin of Tianjin
Called “Jin” for short, Tianjin literally means "Heaven's Ferry". This name refers to the fact that the emperor (son of heaven) once forded the river. Tianjin has also been called other names throughout it’s history, including Jingu and Jinmen
The formation of this area is triggered by the building of the Grand Canal in the Sui Dynasty (581-618). The present Sancha Hekou near Jingang Bridge, which used to be the confluence of the South Grand Canal and North Grand Canal, is the birthplace of Tianjin. After the mid-Tang Dynasty (618-907), Tianjin became the port for rice and silk from south to north. Zhigu Village was set up in Tianjin in the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234) as a strategic military town. In the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), Zhigu became a grain transport and shipping hub. Haijin Town was set up under the administration of Zhigu.
Modern History of Tianjin
In 1860, Tianjin was opened as a trading port. After that, the Western superpowers set up concessions in Tianjin one after another. Tianjin became a spearhead for opening up and the base of the Westernization Movement in modern China, and led in many aspects, such as military modernization, railways, telegram, telephone, postal services, mining, modern education, justice, and so on. Tianjin then became the 2nd largest industrial and commercial city in China and the biggest financial center in North China.
After the Founding of New China
Since the founding of new China in 1949, Tianjin achieved the status as one of the three mega cities under direct governance of China’s central government. Because of that, Tianjin was afforded the opportunity to join the top ranks of China industrial and commercial power house. The year of 1978 called for opening up China to the world and Tianjin was totally transformed by it in all walks of its life. In China, every five year is a mile stone for development since 1949. With the 11th of the Five Year plan as of now, we have seen GDP has grown, by average 16.1%. In 2014, “Bin Hai New Town” became the first true free trade zone.in the nation. We call it a shining pearl illuminating the Bohai Sea Rim.
The traffic situation
Tianjin city is composed of five kinds of transportation modes of railway, highway, water, air and pipeline and with advanced telecommunication network and convenient postal transportation network extending in all directions.
Tianjin Binhai International Airport
Tianjin Binhai International Airport is located in Dongli District, 13 kilometers away from Tianjin city, 30 kilometers away from Tianjin port, 134 kilometers from Beijing, South to the Jinbei Road, West to the East loop 500 meters east, north to Jin Han Road and Beijing Tianjin high speed highway, east of Beijing Tianjin Tanggu expressway is domestic trunk airport, an airport with regular international flights, national class 1st aviation port, one of China's major air cargo center.Binhai International Airport agent domestic and international passenger and cargo charter services, providing one-stop service, provide ground agency business for the airlines.Airport base airlines are including China International Airlines, Tianjin branch, Tianjin Airlines Ltd, Okay Airways Company Limited, Xiamen Airlines Co., Ltd., the Galaxy International Freight Co., ltd..On June 1st, 2010 Tianjin Airlines approved to expand the business scope, the business route domestic aviation and international aviation market.
Railway
Tianjin railway not only in two of the traditional railway main line in the Beijing Shanghai railway, Tianjin mountain railway interchange, but also at the intersection of Beijing Shanghai high speed railway, the Beijing Tianjin inter city railway, Tianjin Qinhuangdao passenger dedicated line, Tianjin Baoding passenger dedicated line of high speed railway, is the gateway to Beijing to the Northeast and the direction of Shanghai ,it is an important railway hub.
Highway
The highway network is a network system, which is based on the national highway and some municipal backbone, with radial road as the main network system,through outside ring road Communication links between the radial roads.Through the Tianjin main line highway has 4: Beijing Tianjin Tanggu Expressway and Jingfu a dedicated road vehicle, bin Laden highway and expressway laden Jin Tang extension;State Highway 5: Beijing Ha, Beijing Tong, Jin Tong, Jin Yu Road and Shan Guang highway.The city trunk: Jin Wei, Jinbei, Jingu, Jin Qi, Jin Han, Jin Jing, Admiralty, Jin Ba,Jin Yong, Jin Yang, Jin Lai, Jingang etc. highway.The city's highway mileage is 4243 km.Highway 143.85 kilometers, two or more high grade highway 1273.8 kilometers.
Tourism overview
Tianjin faces the Bohai Sea to the east, against Yanshan Mountain to the north, 120 kilometers away from the capital city, Beijing. Tianjin is one of the four municipalities in China, the coastal metropolis in northern China, Chinese historical and cultural city and the one of the excellent tourist cities in China. With the overall social economic development of the city, especially the development and opening of Binhai New Area and the rapid rise of the Bohai rim region, Tianjin is having more and more attention from people all over the world.
The city's tourism industry to seize the rare opportunity of Tianjin urban construction, rapid development and city environment comprehensive improvement of, in a timely manner to the city atmospheric foreign flavor, fresh and beautiful, Chinese and western, ancient and modern blend of urban style transformation for tourism products, design tour routes, write a tour guide word, training of tour guides, and constantly enrich the Tianjin tourism products. Carefully planned launch of the "modern China to see Tianjin" and other tourism brands, has been highly recognized by Chinese and foreign tourists, resulting in a wide range of impact.
"Modern China to see Tianjin" cultural tour to the old city Jin rhyme, ancient town of willow, European charm,Italian style, small station training etc. 12 cultural tourism theme plate as the core of the carrier to form many plurality of modern China Tianjin cultural tourist products line.Tourists through sightseeing tour, experience the unique city style and rich cultural tourism products, to deepen the understanding of Tianjin in the modern history of China in an important position, the feeling of Tianjin tourism deep cultural heritage, taste the "modern Chinese see Tianjin" culture.
"Urban Expo Tour" in Tianjin urban landscape as the core attraction, prominent appearance of the city, historical neighborhoods, folk customs, leisure shopping, culture and entertainment, the visitors through the exhibition appearance beauty, visiting historic street, Bo House Museum, buy brand-name fashion, appreciating music stage play, feel the vicissitudes of Tianjin city and modern fashion.
"A sightseeing tour of the Haihe River, the modern history of China." Haihe River scenery tour established based on comprehensive development of the Haihe River water, bridge, embankment, landscape architecture and landscape, the extension of the ancient culture street, Jin Wan Plaza, Italy style multiple trade and tourism area, become urban context inheritance, Yun Jingu amorous feelings, show the bustling metropolis of China city river. Carefully planned launch of the scenery tour, night travel, business travel and other tourist lines, loved by tourists.
"Coastal leisure travel covers ocean, harbour, beaches, cruise, Fort, theme parks and industrial tourism unique coastal tourism resources, launched the" visit harbor and tour Bay, seafood products, enjoy sightseeing tour of the sea "" landing aircraft carrier, Fort tour, view of animal, by cruise leisure tour "," sit fishing boat, threw his nets, live fishing, fishermen experience tour ", and industrial tourism, etc. series of tourism products, improved the function of the tourism industry in Binhai New Area.
"Mountain scenic tour" to the national 5A level scenic spots, Panshan scenic spots and the world cultural heritage - Huangyaguan the Great Wall scenic area as the representative set of mountains, Set of mountains, pass, woods, water, ancient temples in one; In Xiqing Tropical Botanical Garden and Yangliuqing folk custom courtyard,Di Wen Quancheng of Baodi District,Lake Spa Resort, Jinghai county,Hot spring Happy Valley in Dongli District,Jinnan District Baocheng Museum and the station training as the representative of the tourist products,enable visitors to experience the leisure vacation.
With the rapid development of Tianjin's urban status to enhance the tourism industry, international and domestic many important conference activities have settled in Tianjin.Jointly organized by the National Tourism Administration and the Tianjin Municipal People's government, the United Nations World Tourism Organization special support China Tourism Industry Expo has been successfully held in Tianjin seven sessions.Tourism Industry Expo with "tourism industry event, cooperation and win-win stage" as the main theme, built a platform for the tourism industry and tourism equipment manufacturing industry,the stage of tourism promotion and tourism show,tourism innovation and regional cooperation and development seminar exchange platform,tourism innovation and regional cooperation and development seminar exchange platform, become the business card to show the development of China's tourism industry and the charm of a beautiful Tianjin to the world,for several years,the theme of China Industry Expo is becoming more and more prominent.more and more distinctive features, more and more rich in goods, more and more exciting activities, more and more extensive influence, it has been highly valued and widely praised by the participating units and the community.
With the rapid development of Tianjin's urban status to enhance the tourism industry, international and domestic many important conference activities have settled in Tianjin.
At present, Tianjin tourism is to "build a strong tourism city, build international tourist destination and distribution center" as the goal, and vigorously promote the construction of the three supporting systems for "urban tourism, leisure and holiday tourism, business and Exhibition Tourism".Implementation of the three areas along the nine group of tourism development planning, speed up the transformation and upgrading of tourism industry.
Tianjin delicacy
Tianjin is rich in delicious food, and the people love eating, especially seafood, so there is a saying goes as "pawning goods for seafood is worth it". In the proverb "whitebait, purple crab and red coat are three treasures of Tianjin", both whitebait and purple crab are precious Tianjin-unique seafood.Because the city had many Qing Dynasty survivals of bygone ages, writers, politicians, warlords and resident of Tianjin, coupled with the merchants trading and dignitaries feast, influences and forms the wind of "eating out".Every encounter acquaintances in the restaurant to meet, but also pay attention to "add food" ceremony.Tianjin people are good at cooking, taste both "South sweet" and "salty North", and acid, spicy, incense, hemp all ready.Tianjin cuisine uses the cooking, grilled, fried, fried, cooked, baked, roasted, boiled, fried, cold, salt, sauce as the main way of cooking.And use the "eight bowl" as the configuration of the banquet dishes.
Travel Tips
Tourism service information
12301 Tianjin tourism service hotline is a live chatting service serves online agents, to provide a 24/7 tourism information service for domestic and international tourists. Service range includes hotels, tourist attractions, travel agencies, the general information and attractions contact information , ticket prices, etc.. When you are in the Tianjin area, dial 12301 directly on the phone, the rate is according to the local standard fee; if you are not in the Tianjin area, dial 022, and then dial 12301, the charge is according to the rate of long-distance phone calls.
Tianjin tourism information site
Tianjin tourism information site (www.tjtour.cn) is the official website of the Tianjin Municipal Bureau of Tourism. It provides Tianjin tourism industry an authorized, comprehensive introduction, fresh, and timely travel information.
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